Carpet Weaving History of India
Indian Rugs are woven carpets from North and South Asia. Their origin is traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization, who was famous for their woven carpets and were well known for their weaving skill. The history of Indian rug making is a rather short one, because most of their rugs have no historical background. However, the introduction of Persian carpets to India during the mid 16th century brought about the diffusion of an Indian fashion of rug making to that part of the world. Indian Rugs can be classified into three main sub-groups:
This sub-group, consisting of mainly of the eastern Indian rugs, consists of the Banarasi, Pathani and the Gujarat tribal rugs. These three sub-groups of Indian rugs are categorized according to the region in which they are made: North India, Central India and South India. North Indian rug care and includes the likes of Bikaner, Barmer, Kutch, Fatehpur Sikri, Jodhpur, Mandawa, Mussoorie, Pushkar, Ujjain and the like.
On the other hand, we have the Central Indian rugs which include the Kufri, Kaykotti, Bikaner, Mussoorie, Sawai Madhopur, Bhuslali, Bhatye Beach, Khajurao and the like. These Central Indian rugs are known for their hand knotted area rugs, which are hand knotted by a series of knots, starting from the base of the carpet, till the top. In some cases, there are no knots, but the wefts are made up of metal art, thread or braided cotton. All in all, the carpet weaves of India have been deeply influenced by the people of India, who have woven wonderful stories on these carpets for generations.